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23Sep

What to see

National Revival Alley

Metropolitan Bishop Simeon Zachary Stoyanov Lyuben Karavelov Vasil Levski Paisii of Hilendar Vassil Aprilov Dr. Peter Beron Gotse Delchev Christo Botev George Benkovski Ivan Vazov

On June 4, 1902, Varna Municipal Gov¬ernment adopted (to the suggestion of the municipal councilor Dr. Ivan Bassanovich) a program for establishing and developing a seaside park (the Maritime Gardens) with a stately main alley. Thus, in the early 20th c, was built and preserved for the future generations, the unique Varna Alley of the Bulgarian National Revival. The Bulgarian Revival Committee, established in 1908, had as its prime target the erection of 22 monuments in the Maritime Gardens; of them - 20 dedicated to prominent figures from the periods of the National Revival and the Liberation from Ottoman domination, and 2 - to Science and Liberty.

  • The first monument on the Alley of the Revival - a bust of the great poet and revolutionary Christo Botev (by Zheko Spiridonov) - was inaugurated on July 27, 1911.
  • The second monument - a bust of Vassil Levski, the so-called Apostle of Bulgarian Freedom (also by Zheko Spiridonov) - was inaugurated in the next year, again on July 27 (the date of Liberation of Varna from Ottoman domination).
  • The Wars (Balkan and First World) hindered the further shaping of the Alley for a prolonged period of time - up to October 24, 1920, when a bust of Ivan Vazov, revered as the Father of Modern Bulgarian Literature (by Andrew Nicholov) (the first monument to Ivan Vazov in Bulgaria), was set up here.

There followed, in a row, the busts of:

  • Paisii of Hilendar, the author of the first written Bulgarian History (by Cyril Shivarov), on August 24, 1926;
  • Metropolitan Bishop Simeon, the first head of Varna clergy after the Liberation of 1878 (by Ivan Lazarov), on August 10, 1930;
  • Vassil Aprilov, a great Revival Period enlightener (by Cyril Todorov, on October 7, 1936;
  • Hadji Demeter, a legendary insurgent detachment leader from 19th c. (by Vicho Vichev), on August 2, 1939.
  • The socond world war postponed completion of the task for another prolonged period of time. No monument was erected on the Alley of the Revival for as long as 34 years; it was in 1973, when the next monument was put up - the bust of George Benkovski, the heroic leader of the April Rising of 1876 (by Paul Jafferov).
  • In the same year (1973), within the span of several months, there followed the busts of: Dr. Peter Beron, a great Revival Period enlightener and the author of the so-called Fish Primer - the first modern Bulgarian textbook (by Alyosha Kafedzhiiski), and Lyuben Karavelov, a great revolutionary, writer and journalist (by Eugene Barumov).
  • The bust of Gotse Delchev, a great revolutionary and freedom-fighter (by Paul Jafferov), was set up in 1997;
  • the bust of Zachary Stoyanov, a revolutionary and chronicler of the April Rising of 1876 (by Eugene Barumov) - in 1998;
  • and the latest - the bust of Peyo Yavorov, a great poet and revolutionary (by Kiro Yanev) - in 2001.

GPS: 43.206352, 27.927246

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