The blast - off to the first artificial satellite of the Earth, provoke a huge interest in Bulgaria and this is the main reason for the formation of lots of clubs, devoted to the space. The enthusiasm was the reason the first astronaut and astronomic club to be established in the town of Varna in 1960. On 22nd of May 1968 the first astronomical complex in Bulgaria was opened, named after Nikolai Kopernik. It consists of astronomical observatory, planetarium and a tower with Phuko’s pendulum.
The main scientific reason was the observing and the shooting of artificial satellites on Earth, another reason was the education in this discipline. There is a monument of Kopernik in front of the planetarium’s entrance, made by professor L. Dalchev and P. Atanasov.
There are two spinning coupons on the third floor of the observatory, which were equipped with refractor 80/1200 mm at the beginning and a bigger telescope Kasegren 150/2250 mm.
The observatory is the first of this type in Bulgaria. The diameter of the coupon is 10,5 m. It is managed from the lector’s deck and can project over the coupon 5500 stars. In addition there are searchlights used for demonstration of the moving planets through the stars. There is also a special device which shows the solar system from 5-milliard km. From the beginning till 1998, the planetarium was visited from over 800 000 of people.
In the planetarium’s tower the Phuko’s pendulum was assembled. It is unique on the Balkan Peninsula and is the only proof that the Earth turns on its axis. In the premise under it, there is a small room where the visitors can observe the swing of the pendulum. In 1998 the Varna municipality took à decision to reconstruct the planetarium building.
The renewed building was opened on 15th August 2002. The original architecture was preserved, but now it is more modern, thanks to the architecture G. Savakov. For better vision adaptation there is a figural wall and the foyer dimly lightened, before entering into the hall. There are computer hall, library and lecture halls in the premises under the coupon. The decorative lights in the night convert the observatory into one of the accents in the sea garden.
Visitors could reach The observatory by public buses 17A, 20 to bus stop "Festivalen k-s".
Adults: 6 lv
Children under 6 years old: 2.00 lv
Students, pensioners: 3 lv
July and August 2023
5:00 p.m. ‘Solar System’ (for children 5 – 10 years old and adults)
7:00 p.m. ‘Astronomy for Everyone’ (for children over 10 years old and adults)
Cash desk is open at 4:00 to 5:00 pm and 6:00 to 7:00 pm
The stars are shown in the Planetarium hall in complete darkness with a duration about 60 minutes. No less than 5 minutes are needed for the eyes of the visitors to accommodate to night vision. Opening the doors of the hall and exiting during the show is not desirable.
For more information: http://astro-varna.com/index.html#!art=21
tel.: +359 52 684 444